More than one in 10 (11%) over 50s have disappeared from the workforce in the past five years as a result of being made redundant, according to new research from Legal & General Retail Retirement (LGRR) and the Centre for Economics and Business Research (Cebr).
3 Nov 2021
Among the 177,000 over 50s made redundant on an annual basis during this timeframe, 20,000 are estimated to have left the workforce.
The ‘Working Late’1 report, which looks at the experiences of the over 50s, raises concerns about the impact of redundancy and employment-related changes on the age diversity of the UK workforce. Among the over 50s experiencing redundancy in the past five years, nearly two-thirds (62%) felt that their age was a contributing factor in this decision.
In the period from 2007 to Q2 of 2021, the average rate of redundancy among the over 50s has been nearly a fifth higher than for the under 50s. The study shows that older workers have been 17% more likely to face redundancy than younger workers on average2.
Despite a higher redundancy rate, according to data from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) Labour Force Survey, unemployment rates for over 50s tend to be lower than the rest of the working population. In part, this is likely impacted by the number of people who leave the workforce once being made redundant. The report found that 2,000 of the 15,000 over 50s made redundant each month on average over the last five years are estimated to have left the workforce.
More than a third (39%) of older workers who were made redundant in the past five years have had to change their retirement plans. This was also the case for those who experienced a reduction in their working hours (34%) or had their salary reduced (33%). Meanwhile, 15% of those being placed on furlough since the start of the Covid-19 pandemic decided to change their retirement date as a result.
The resultant impact of redundancy on retirement savings is significant. Older workers who have been made redundant are expected to save £29,000 less for retirement than the average employee aged 50+. According to the findings, the gap between estimated annual retirement income and the minimum level of income required for a comfortable lifestyle reduces by 18%, or £1,900 annually, for those who have been made redundant, compared to those who have not.
For employees over 50 who have experienced one or more of reduced hours (9%), a salary cut (7%), furlough (12%) or redundancy (8%), an annual reduction of £3,100 is estimated.
Andrew Kail, CEO, Legal & General Retail Retirement: “The disappearance of the older worker presents a serious challenge to employers. Not only are they the fastest growing employee population but they also have a wealth of experience that UK employers will miss out on if this trend continues. As we all adjust to new ways of working in the wake of Covid-19, where ‘retirement’ will be different for many people, it’s crucial that older workers are not forgotten.
The Government’s planned investment of additional funds to get over 50s back into work is a step in the right direction, but there is much more to be done to promote an age diverse workforce. We are living and working longer than ever before and the reality is, many of us will be relying on working longer to save for retirement. It’s therefore vital that older workers feel protected in the workplace, and not at greater risk of redundancy. As an industry, we also need to encourage people to prioritise saving throughout their working life, so finances have time to grow, enabling retirees to enjoy their desired standard of living.”
1 Over 50s in the labour market: a report for Legal and General. Centre for Economics and Business. 2021
Primary sources: Opinium survey of 2,000 over 50s in the UK, ONS Labour Force Survey and ONS Wealth and Assets Survey.
2 From 2007 to Q2 of 2021, the average redundancy among under 50s has been 0.5%, compared to 0.6% among the over 50s. Since the year following the start of the pandemic, the average rates have risen to 0.7% and 0.8%, respectively. This contrasts with the experiences of the last economic crisis in 2008-09, when the redundancy rates among under 50s (0.9%) exceeded that among over 50s (0.8%).
Established in 1836, Legal & General is one of the UK's leading financial services groups and a major global investor, with over £1.2 trillion in total assets under management* of which 39% is international. We have a unique and highly synergistic business model, which continues to drive strong returns. Legal & General provides powerful asset origination and management capabilities directly to clients, which also underpin our leading retirement and protection solutions. We are a leading international player in Pension Risk Transfer, in UK and US life insurance, and in UK workplace pensions and retirement income. Our purpose is to improve the lives of our customers and create value for our shareholders. Through inclusive capitalism, we are investing in long-term assets, such as real estate and infrastructure, that can help build a better society for the future.
*as at HY 2023
Legal & General Retail Retirement’s mission is to help its customers lead longer, healthier, happier lives. We believe everyone should be able to have a ‘more colourful retirement’. The Division comprises the Group’s retirement savings and income, later life lending and care solutions businesses. In 2020, LGRR wrote £910 million of annuity premiums and issued £791 million of lifetime and retirement interest only mortgages.
*at 31 Jun 2021