Press releases

LGIM dials up its engagement on climate, as window to achieving 1.5 degrees rapidly closes

LGIM releases annual Climate Impact Pledge results, with its exclusion list expanded to cover almost £158 billion of assets.

15 Jun 2023

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Legal & General Investment Management (LGIM), one of the world’s largest asset managers, has today announced the results of its seventh Climate Impact Pledge – its annual engagement programme to encourage companies to tackle climate change and the transition to net-zero carbon emissions.

As the window to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees narrows, LGIM has this year expanded the scope of the Climate Impact Pledge, holding more companies to account than ever before through voting and investment sanctions. It is now assessing 5,000+ companies across 20 climate critical sectors, a significant step forward from the circa 1,000 companies across 15 sectors in last year’s Climate Impact Pledge.

As a result of this expanded approach, LGIM has identified 299 companies through its quantitative analysis that qualify for AGM voting sanctions for not meeting its minimum standards to address climate risk.

In addition to its quantitative assessment, LGIM has conducted more targeted and direct engagements with 105 ‘dial mover’ companies, a 75% increase from the 60 companies identified in 2021. ‘Dial-mover’ companies are chosen for their size and potential to galvanise action on climate in their sectors. Engagement is usually year on year as LGIM encourages change, with consequences including voting sanctions and, for applicable funds, divestments.

LGIM will apply voting sanctions against 43 of these dial movers, including those companies on the divestment list1. 12 companies remain on LGIM’s divestment list. These companies are AIG, China Construction Bank, China Resources Cement, Exxon Mobil, Hormel, Industrial Commercial Bank of China, Invitation Homes, KEPCO, Loblaw, MetLife, PPL and Sysco.

LGIM has also announced two further divestments from companies that are failing to meet its standards on climate - Air China and COSCO Shipping Holdings - taking the total number of companies on LGIM’s divestment list to 14.

In a positive development, China Mengniu Dairy has been reinstated. Following direct engagement, the business has now published a deforestation policy, committed to carbon neutrality by 2050, and delivered on LGIM’s red lines.

Michael Marks, Head of Investment Stewardship, Legal & General Investment Management:

“As the window for achieving a 1.5C outcome by 2050 narrows, the need for greater action by companies has become increasingly urgent. Companies which are too slow to act are contributing to systemic risk. It is imperative that investors play their part, by expanding and deepening the scope of their climate engagement, and encouraging companies to scale up their ambitions and reduce real world emissions. This is what LGIM is doing.

“From tackling climate lobbying to incorporating biodiversity risk, our expectations of companies are increasing -  insufficient progress represents a systemic challenge which we will continue to challenge through the tools at our disposal, including divestment and voting sanctions.”

Michelle Scrimgeour, CEO at Legal & General Investment Management: “There has never been a more important moment to address the generation-defining challenge of climate change. And yet, after a year of geopolitical and economic upheaval, global efforts to spur the energy transition are wavering. We believe policymakers, investors and industry leaders must use every legitimate tool at their disposal in order to mitigate the systemic risk posed by climate change. Every part of the global economy needs to adjust.

“As a responsible investor, it is incumbent upon us to signal clearly to investee companies the actions we expect them to take to drive up market standards. Initiatives like our Pledge play a key role in this activity and demonstrate how we seek to fulfil our purpose: to create a better future through responsible investing. At this critical juncture, it is imperative that we all step up. Change is still possible – if we act now. The world has the means; it just requires the will.”

Pledge expanded to incorporate biodiversity risk and climate lobbying activity

LGIM has not only expanded the scale of its pledge, but the expectations that underpin it, with a greater focus now placed on the link between biodiversity and net-zero strategies, as well as climate lobbying activities.

LGIM’s expectations for ‘dial-mover’ companies now include:

  • LGIM expects to see comprehensive, certified net-zero emissions targets, including disclosing a transition plan with short and medium-term targets
  • Companies must disclose the actions and investments embedded in their plan to reach net-zero
  • LGIM expects each company to disclose whether its executive remuneration is aligned with the company’s short and / or medium-term emission targets
  • To achieve the policy environment requirement in the Paris Agreement, LGIM has set a ‘red line’ for all sectors on the disclosure of climate lobbying activities, including trade association memberships, and explaining what actions it will take if the lobbying activities of these associations are not aligned with a 1.5°C scenario
  • LGIM emphasises the importance of combating biodiversity and nature loss, and integrating social implications, in delivering a credible pathway to net zero:
    • For sectors with a clear link between biodiversity and net-zero strategies, companies should assess their impacts and dependencies with a view to managing risk, as well as mitigating and reversing negative impacts
    • For sectors where the transition could have direct social implications, LGIM expects companies’ decarbonisation strategies to incorporate a ‘just transition’ perspective
Oil & Gas fails to meet LGIM’s standards

Despite record oil & gas profits, over a third of companies in the sector failed to meet our minimum standards and most did not have sufficiently ambitious emissions targets.

The Banking, Insurance and Property sectors have also been singled out as lagging when it comes to setting and meeting ambitious net-zero targets.

LGIM notes that these industries have the power to lead the way in reallocating capital and decoupling economic growth from carbon emissions.

List of ‘climate critical’ sectors expands

The number of ‘climate-critical’ sectors has increased from 15 to 20, now including Forestry and Paper & Pulp, Aluminium, Glass, Logistics and Multi-utilities.

As a result, higher standards and more urgent action will be required from these companies. However, LGIM notes that a number of these newly included sectors such as Aluminium, Glass and Forestry lead the way in terms of the scale of their ambition and meeting LGIM’s minimum standards.

Europe and UK lead on climate targets, with improvements in Asia

While UK and France still lead the pack, out of select countries shown on the chart, Korean and Chinese companies have seen the most significant improvements. Japan also saw notable improvement between 2021 and 2023.

Although the US has improved its average scores year on year, progress remains one of the slowest compared to other geographies.

LGIM continued to see positive response rates to its global direct engagements, witnessing an 80% response rate this year from its dial mover companies, up from 78% in 2022.

Companies in emerging markets (including China, India and Malaysia) were less responsive to LGIM’s request to engage on climate issues. Among 21 non-responsive companies, 13 (62%) were in emerging markets2. When companies are unresponsive to our engagement requests, we assess their performance using the company’s public disclosures and external sources.


1As at 31 December 2022.

2Where exclusions cannot be applied, we apply a vote sanction.

Further information

Will Throp2

Will Throp

Senior PR Executive

Legal & General Investment Management

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Notes to editors

Established in 1836, Legal & General is one of the UK's leading financial services groups and a major global investor, with £1.2 trillion in total assets under management1 of which 40% is international. We have a unique and highly synergistic business model, which continues to drive strong returns. Legal & General provides powerful asset origination and management capabilities directly to clients, which also underpin our leading retirement and protection solutions. We are a leading international player in Pension Risk Transfer, in UK and US life insurance, and in UK workplace pensions and retirement income. Our purpose is to improve the lives of our customers and create value for our shareholders. Through inclusive capitalism, we are investing in long-term assets, such as real estate and infrastructure, that can help build a better society for the future.

1Data as at 31 December 2023.

LGIM is one of Europe’s largest asset managers and a major global investor, with total assets under management of £1.2 trillion1 ($1.5tn, €1.3tn, CHF 1.2tn). We work with a wide range of global clients, including pension schemes, sovereign wealth funds, fund distributors and retail investors.

For more than 50 years, we have built our business through understanding what matters most to our clients and transforming this insight into valuable, accessible investment products and solutions. We provide investment expertise across the full spectrum of asset classes including fixed income, equities, commercial property, and cash. Our capabilities range from index-tracking and active strategies to liquidity management and liability-based risk management solutions.

1Data as at 31 December 2023. Data combines assets under management by LGIM in the UK, LGIMA in the US and LGIM Asia in Hong Kong. Assets under management include securities and derivatives positions.